EXAM REQUIREMENTS• Submit your answers as a single Word or PDF file, called “ISM 6316 Mid Term – ”.• Follow APA Style (double-spaced, 12-point font, 1-inch margins).• This is an individual assignment. It is not a collaborative effort, not a team effort. You are notallowed to discuss this exam with anyone, classmates or others. If you have any questions ordoubts, contact me by email.• Submit your answers by the deadline. Each 24 hour period that you miss the deadline, it costs10 points.Question 1. (40 points; max 2 pages)Transitioning an organization from running development projects with the Waterfall approach toAgile/SCRUM is not an easy undertaking. Reflect on what you think are the biggest challenges thathave to be overcome and how you would approach this transition.a. Describe four different challenges that organizations face when they want to transition toSCRUM. For each challenge explain what the challenge is and why this is a critical challenge inyour opinion.b. Describe for each challenge that you identified above what strategies you would use toovercome the challenge.Question 2. (30 points; max 2 pages)SCRUM was originally intended as a project management approach for software developmentprojects. However, one may argue that SCRUM can be used as a generic project managementapproach that can be applied in the context of any type of project, covering different focus areasin a company (e.g. marketing, finance, or HR). Reflect on this position. To what extent do youagree that SCRUM can be used as a generic project management approach? To what extent do youdisagree? Where lay the limits of the applicability of SCRUM to the management of complexprojects?Question 3. (30 points; max 3 pages)Visit: https://michaelochurch.wordpress.com/2015/06/06/why-agile-and-especially-scrum-are-terrible/(A pdf of the blog will be available on CANVAS as well).As you can tell, not everyone is convinced about the value of SCRUM. Critically reflect on theopinions presented in the blog. (Please note that you do not have to read/consider the hundreds ofresponses to this blog).a. To what extent do you agree with the author’s point of view? On what issues do you disagree?b. Based on your experience/understanding of SCRUM, what kinds of adjustments to SCRUM and itspractices or what other initiatives would you explore to address some of the issues that theauthor raises?