For this weeks discussion forum youwill need todo two things. First, you mustpost a substantive response to any one (or more) ofthe open-answer questions provided below byThursday, midnight, ofthis week (week 7). Second, you mustprovide critical feedback to at least two of your peers bySunday, midnight, ofthis week.Questions(1) What is the distinction between themanifest image and the scientific image?(2)What is logicalempiricism in the philosophy of science, and what problems does it face?(3)What is meant by the idea that observation is theory-laden?(4)What is the deductive-nomological model ofscientific explanation?(5) What is falsificationism, and how is supposed to demarcate genuine science frompseudo-science?(6)What is scientific realism, and how does it account for scientific progress?(7) What is scientific instrumentalism, and how does it differ from scientific realism?(8)What is theunderdetermination of theory by data thesis, and what implications might ithave for scientific realism?(9)What is the no miracles argument for scientific realism?How plausible is it?(10)What is theincommensurability thesis, and what challenge does it pose for scientificrealism?