1. Read Chapters 7 & 8 and the information included inSallyHemingsand Thomas JeffersonandThe Master and the Mistress.Once all reading is complete, respond to the following items:Why do you think the accusations made byCallenderwere ignored during Jefferson’s lifetime and later by historians? Why do you think MadisonHemings’assertions were ignored?Why do you thinkCallender’sclaims failed to hurt Jefferson politically? Do you think a similar scandal would hurt an American president or elected leader today? Why or why not?Based MadisonHemings’family history, how common was racial intermixing in 18th and 19th century Virginia?According to EricFoner, how and why has the work ofAnnette Gordon-Reed fueled a controversy over theHemings-Jefferson relationship?Should his relationship with SallyHemingsinfluence how we view Jefferson and his place in American history? If no, why not? If yes, how should they influence how we view him?You are required to submit an initial posting (200 words minimum) that addresses the items above2. Using a minimum of 200 words, address the following:How did the authors of the Constitution create a balance between federal and state governments, and between large and small states?What compromises did the Constitution make on the institution of slavery?3. Using a minimum of 200 words, address the following:Explain the irony of Thomas Jefferson’s acquisition of Louisiana.What were the reasons for the Embargo Act of 1807, and what were its consequences?